01 Endometrial Cancer
Most endometrial cancers present with abnormal vaginal bleeding or bleeding after menopause. Fortunately, most endometrial cancers are diagnosed at an early stage due to their early warning signs. Majority of endometrial cancers can be treated with laparoscopic surgery (keyhole surgery). The organs that need to be removed will be the uterus, cervix, both fallopian tubes and ovaries, and lymph nodes. If deemed early stage based on physical examination findings and staging scans done, removal of the sentinel lymph nodes instead of removing all the pelvic lymph nodes can be done. This will reduce the risk of swelling in the lower limbs after surgery. The sentinel node is the most important lymph node, because it is the first node that the cancer will spread to. If that node is tested negative for cancer, we can be rest assured that the rest of the lymph nodes in the pelvis are unaffected by cancer.